Agriculture is alive and well in Massachusetts. More than 80 percent of the state’s 7,700 farms are family owned and operated. Greenhouses, nurseries and cranberries dominate the state’s agricultural commodity output. Aquaculture accounts for a large part of Massachusetts agriculture, mostly from oyster and quahog production.
The Bay State’s climate varies greatly between the eastern seacoast and western mountains. The topography varies as well: in the central part of the state are rolling hills and lakes, while part of the Appalachian Mountains sits in the west and a coastal plain with marsh, beach and ponds are located in the east. The state is one of the few areas where there isn’t a designated dry or rainy season. Instead, it has precipitation year round. Nearly half the state is forestland.